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CNC Precision Machining Technology: Everything You Need To Know

Precision Machining Technology


In today’s market, the fabrication of top-quality customized products is conceivable only through high-level precision and tight-tolerance machining equipment. A highly accurate manufacturing machine can tailor your desired product’s designs against all odds while limiting errors and cost expenses.

CNC precision machining technology is a holy grail for acquiring brilliant product designs and quality.

If you’re a novice in the machining industry and want to know about CNC machining lathes, this write-up is a goldmine for you, containing all the nitty-gritty related to CNC precision machining technology. So, let’s spill the beans.

I- What Actually Is CNC Precision Machining Technology?

Computer Numerical Control precision machining operates via commands such as CAD and CAM to form the intricate parts of your work piece with spectacular fidelity.

Computer-Aided Design (CAD) and Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM) programs outline the 3D blueprints for shaping the raw workpiece into a highly sophisticated design.

Therefore, designing and replicating involves reductive, additive, and formative processes to forge incredible items of wood, metal, plastic, glass, composites, etc.

All the CNC automation is carried out under the strict supervision of professional engineers and designers.


II- Steps In Framing CNC Precision Machining Part

Three major steps that we need to consider here:

  • Programming

Before commencing the precision machining operation, CAD software deploys the 2D or 3D layout of the workpiece. After that, CAM translates the solid blueprints into a G-code and M-code programming code to control the tools’ primary and auxiliary movements and functions.


  • Refining

In the next step, the raw materials are processed by applying various techniques of CNC, like drilling, cutting, and milling, into factual product designs.


  • Finishing

The final product is curated by surface finishing approaches like electroplating and anodizing to upgrade its durability and prevent tarnishing.




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III- Types Of Precision CNC Machines


  • CNC Drilling Machines

Drilling lathes use drilling bits to establish neat and cylindrical holes in the workpiece. Screw drills, spotting drills, drill presses, peck drills, and reamers provide a holistic approach to hole size and shape.


  • CNC Laser Machines

With laser beam technology, CNC laser lathes are particularly useful in engraving, slicing, and cutting material. Moreover, it’s an excellent way to craft the edges, logos, and cuts on the desired material.


  • CNC Milling Machines

CNC milling plays a significant role in setting up the dimensional accuracy of your workpiece by removing or adding structural parts with rotary cutters. For example, helical mills, chamfer mills, end mills, universal mills, plain mills, and hand mills are common.


  • CNC Electrical Discharge Machines

Wire EDM is the most precise machining process, which relies on electric sparks and high voltage to transform the raw substance into components of more objective standards.


Read also: How to gain clients for my machining business  


  • CNC Plasma Cutting Machines

High-powered plasma lathes are employed to fabricate electrically conductive materials like steel, aluminum, copper, etc. The plasma torch melts and cuts the material into the desired geometry and shape.


IV- Benefits Of CNC Precision Machining Equipment

CNC precision machining haunts the great speed, high efficiency, and cost-effective methods in the machining industry. Let’s check out a few of them:


  • No Waste Production

CNC machining is not a hit-or-miss process. Instead, all the product optimizations are iterated with advanced software and CNC machines to cut off waste production remarkably.


  • Greater Accuracy And Tolerance

Since there is no intervention of humans in the entire CNC manufacturing process goes on and on consistently, which ultimately bypasses the defects and errors in product designs. Moreover, the tight tolerance of up to +/-0.0001 inches is achievable, ensuring the stringent quality standards are met.


  • Quick And Efficient Production

CNC machining switches all the labor to computers that are millions faster and faster than humans. Therefore, all the complex and intricate structures are conceived in seconds without any uncertainty in the product’s patterns.


  • Reduce Cost And Energy Consumption

With CNC precision machining technology, the production of prototypes is fast and accurate. That means the automation completes in a short span, bringing down energy consumption and offloading the chances of accidents. All-in-all, the sharp and swift production scalability of prototypes and lower energy consumption lead to an overall reduction in the cost.


  • High-quality With a Large Volume

The flexibility and reliability of precision CNC machining technology benefit all industries offering blase and worldly-wise products in the most systematic and adaptable way.


  • Uses Of CNC Precision Machining Technology

The sustainable quality and cost-effectiveness of CNC precision machining make it wildly acceptable in every industry. Whether it’s medical, aerospace, automobile, military defense, or electronics, CNC machining sets a wide scope of work for all.

Read also: Starting a new machine shop or manufacturing related business

Limitations of CNC Precision Machining

Unlike CAD blueprinting, CNC lacks dimensional accuracy. However, tolerance is a way to reduce deviations from the dimensional standards. The strictness of tolerance is entirely dependent on the manufacturing processes. An ideal tolerance value for CNC is 0.005 inches to meet the accuracy goals.